Cleft Lip and Palate is a very common but most curable congenital deformity. If the patients receive appropriate treatments at the right time, they can rehabilitate, their social life and capability are no different from other people. There are different types of cleft lip and palate as follows:
A) Complete cleft lip & incomplete cleft alveolar
B) Incomplete cleft palate
C) Complete cleft lip & cleft alveolar with incomplete cleft palate
D) Complete unilateral cleft lip, cleft alveolar & cleft palate
E) Complete bilateral cleft lip, cleft alveolar & cleft palate
The congenital anomalies can be briefly categorized into the following types:
(1) Cleft Lip – Cleft(s) of the upper lip, there are two types : (i) unilateral cleft lip (ii) bilateral cleft lip
(2) Cleft Palate – Cleft of the hard palate or even the inner soft palate
(3) Cleft Lip and Palate – The clefts extends from the upper lip to the hard palate or even the soft palate inside the buccal cavity.
The ratio of clefts to normal babies is 1:700 in Asia.
Pierre Robin sequence
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